Organisations offering water, energy, health, or transport services must implement effective preventive measures or face serious consequences
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The government is to appoint a clutch of new regulators to monitor whether organisations delivering critical services have adequate cybersecurity measures.
The energy, transport, health, digital infrastructure, and water sectors will each get a dedicated cybersecurity regulator. Service providers that are found to be lacking appropriate security procedures and technology could be fined up to £17m.
These plans have been unveiled by the government following the conclusion of a consultation by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport into the EU Network and Information Systems (NIS) directive. The legislation, which is designed to improve the cybersecurity credentials of businesses and public-services providers, must be passed into national law by member states on or before 10 May.
For its part, the government has pledged to provide “a simple, straightforward reporting system” for reporting cyber breaches. Once incidents have been reported, the regulator for each sector will “assess whether appropriate security measures were in place” prior to the attack. Regulators will have the power to mandate that firms improve their security, as well as issuing fines of up to £17m.
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“Fines would be a last resort and will not apply to operators which have assessed the risks adequately, taken appropriate security measures and engaged with regulators but still suffered an attack,” the government added.
Operators will also be expected to show adequate preparedness for “other threats affecting IT such as power outages, hardware failures, and environmental hazards”, the government said.
Margot James, minister for digital and the creative industries, said: “We want our essential services and infrastructure to be primed and ready to tackle cyberattacks and be resilient against major disruption to services. I encourage all public and private operators in these essential sectors to take action now and consult NCSC’s advice on how they can improve their cybersecurity.”
The National Cyber Security Centre has published guidance on what firms and public bodies need to do to ensure they comply with the directive.
“Network and information systems give critical support to everyday activities, so it is absolutely vital that they are as secure as possible,” said NCSC chief executive Ciaran Martin