5G presents new opportunities for economic growth

Written by Lambert van Nistelrooij on 9 May 2016 in Opinion

5G technology will be at the heart of the Internet of Things and a key enabler to Europe's future competitiveness, says Lambert van Nistelrooij.

GSM showed the world that having common standards in the field of mobile communications counts.

During the 1990s, Europe was at the heart of innovation in the mobile space. Cooperation on GSM standards brought us a leading position - with Nokia, Siemens, Ericsson, Alcatel and Philips to name just a few - Europe had the world's technology leaders.

They invested their economic success in shaping the technologies of the future at that time: 3G and 4G.

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Their North American and Asian competitors lagged behind because they lacked both scale and a common approach.

However Europe's mistakes in rolling out 3G, (spectrum auctions that focussed mainly on delivering maximum revenue for governments, not on providing a healthy mobile ecosystem) weakened the position of mobile network operators, limiting their ability to compete worldwide.

By 2016, these European companies ceased being consumer brands. They merged and managed to hold on as mobile infrastructure providers, and they now compete with the new kids on the block, like China's Huawei and ZTE, Apple and Samsung.

We have learned from our mistakes. Most 4G spectrum auctions in Europe did not exclusively aim at maximum revenue, but also on delivering coverage and creating a healthy ecosystem.

As a result, the position of European mobile network providers has improved. Now, while developing the new 5G standard and deploying it by 2020, Europe can once again take the driver's seat.

5G will be at the heart of the Internet of Things (IoT), enabling both start-ups and industry 4.0. It will be a key enabler to Europe's future competitiveness.

According to General Electric, McKinsey and Cisco, the Internet of Things has the potential to add between $10 and £20 trillion to the world economy over the next decade.

Europe is now investing heavily in the global 5G consortium, both with public and private money.

To once again grasp the leadership position in mobile, we need to continue rethinking our policy and learn from our GSM success.

Lambert van Nistelrooij (EPP, NL) is a member of the European Internet Forum

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David Brunnen (not verified)

Submitted on 10 May, 2016 - 12:36
But . . . . the emergent standards for 5G mobile will make huge demands on fixed line infrastructures - not least because, as higher frequencies are brought into play, vastly more cell-sites will be needed to provide adequate coverage. And these cell sites will need low-latency high-capacity symmetric backhaul connections. The cell sites may themselves be small and low-powered - much like WiFi routers, only on steroids - but needed in their millions. The most immediate preparatory action for 5G deployment in a few years time (and in parallel to 5G Standards development) is the rapid replacement of legacy copper lines by fibre to all properties and many items of 'street furniture'. It may be that some backhaul requirements can be satisfied by microwave linkages but do the sums: How many slightly overlapping coverage areas of 200metre radius are needed for the UK's 65 million acres? The current site-rental model for cellular masts will be turned on its head - vastly more sites at near-zero cost - and public sector assets (like lamp-posts) will be expected to play a huge part. So, yes, the economic gains (and the utility of pervasive connectivity) will be huge - but only if we all devote effort now to being prepared to accommodate what future technology offers. Question: What is your local government doing to ensure future-proofed digital infrastructure?